New Historical Commission still avoids black history
by BRUCE SEAMAN
You can read in a previous post how tragically useless the former Marion County Historical Commission became during and after the Confederate flag fiasco in 2016. Populated by a majority who were either members of the Sons of Confederate Veterans or United Daughters of the Confederacy, the HC showed a scandalous disinterest and even hostility to black history in Marion County. It wore its racism on its sleeve and was indifferent to criticism.
After the Confederate flag issue was decided by the County Commission, new people sought positions on the Historical Commission, including its first black member. However, it didn’t handle the new views which these members brought with them too well. It became so dysfunctional that it made front page news and the Marion County Board of County Commissioners dissolved this citizen advisory board.
Eventually, a new Historical Commission was created with its members deriving from appointments made by County Commissioners. How do you think that’s worked out?
Historian Emmett Coyne penned an op-ed that appeared in the Sunday Star Banner on August 20, 2017. Click here to read the full text. The faces have changed on the Historical Commission and the conversations are less raucous, but recognizing black history remains problematic.
Bridges Project’s Monument Group leader Mike Davis made a request that the Historical Commission endorse the county’s provision of a small parcel of land, like on its planned historic trail, for a memorial to the 27 victims of lynching in Marion County identified and documented by the Bridges’ Monument Group.
(Equal Justice Initiative (EJI) claims that there were 30 lynchings in Marion County, however the Bridges team has been unable to account for such a number, and despite repeated requests, EJI has provided no documentation to substantiate its claim of 30 victims. Bridges is sticking with what it can verify.)
Initially, HC member Tom Schmitz, who also has a Facebook webcast called Common Sense, opposed any support. (He makes plain in an interview with me on his webcast on August 23rd – click here to view the webcast – that he opposes all memorials and statues of any kind on public property, and any use of taxpayer resources for them.)
At its most recent meeting on August 14, HC member Paul Skinner, also chairman of the county’s Republican Party, made a motion to reject Bridges’ request for space based on his reading of a statute, adding that if relatives of a lynching victim still living in Marion County came forward to make the request, then it might be reconsidered.
The vote to reject the Bridges request was 3-3 with one abstention; the motion failed. So, the request remains on the table for the Historical Commission to do the right thing … yet.
What will happen next? Let’s say that we shouldn’t have our hopes set too high that the Historical Commission will change its legacy activity in ignoring black history in our community.
Slavery, “Johnny Reb” and the Confederacy
by BRUCE SEAMAN AUGUST 31, 2017
This op-ed was published on Sunday, August 28 by the Ocala Star Banner. It can seen online by clicking here. The submitted text is below.
Above are pictures of the “Johnny Reb” statue to the Confederate war effort that is currently resident at Marion County’s Veterans Memorial Park. As you can see in the right photo from the statue’s unveiling, presumably 1908, the towering statue has been placed in front of the old County Courthouse, then in front of the new County Courthouse, and, upon the major renovation of the County Courthouse, moved in 2009 to its current home at Vets Park as pictured on the left. For these photos, we recognize the Florida Public Archaeology Network which has a collection of views of the statue. You can see them all and read its inscriptions by clicking here.
The text of the op-ed:
The whitewashed history of the South and the Confederacy was taught in Marion County Public Schools until 1999. It would be no surprise to find history teachers who still teach it today. In that sanitized version of history, slavery was not the primary cause of secession. That’s completely untrue.
I recently came across the speech given by the Hon. John C. McGehee of Madison County, Florida who was elected president of the Florida secession convention in January, 1861 in Tallahassee. The full text can be found by clicking here.
After his opening remarks to the secession convention, McGehee says:
… States that are now known as the slaveholding States will withdraw their political connection from the non-slaveholding States, unite themselves in a common destiny and establish another constitution.
McGehee insists that, in the US Constitution, the institution of domestic slavery is recognized and the right of property in slaves is expressly guaranteed.
McGehee recounts the growing opposition to slavery in non-slaveholding states. With the election of Republican Abraham Lincoln in late 1860, this anti-slavery sentiment has seized the political power, and now threatens annihilation to slavery throughout the Union. At the South and with our people, of course, slavery is the element of all value, and a destruction of that destroys all that is property.
He continues, referring to Lincoln and/or the Republicans as “this party.”
This party, now soon to take possession of the powers of government, is sectional, irresponsible to us, and, driven on by an infuriated, fanatical madness that defies all opposition, must inevitably destroy every vestige of right growing out of property in slaves.
Lest skeptics doubt the authenticity of this account, it’s recorded in Confederate Military History, Volume 11 which focused on Florida. The volume was written by none other than Col. J. J. Dickison, revered in Marion County for his military prowess and exploits, for whom a local United Daughters of the Confederacy had named their chapter, and who is honored on the “Johnny Reb” statue.
Dickison’s Wikipedia biography includes this notation of his pre-war life:
In 1857, Dickison moved to Ocala, Florida where he purchased a plantation which he named “Sunnyside”. His plantation was very successful and he became a wealthy businessman.
Slaves made Dickison into “a wealthy businessman,” easily explaining his eagerness to lead the local fight for the Confederacy. Wealthy Dickison owned slaves like today’s wealthy horse owners own horses – simply chattel property.We have Dickison’s
• slave-owning validation of white supremacy,
• his ardent support for a slave-owning economy and a slave-owning nation, and
• his indisputable capabilities as a military leader, plus
• his passionate defense of the Confederacy’s cause over 30 years after the war as reflected in his comments in his 1899 volume linked above.
It’s all the same package. Dickison was a racist. Our county government publicly honors him, and still proudly flies the flag of his racist Confederacy at McPherson Government Center.
First, let’s address Confederacy apologists who have contrived many arguments to negate the true centrality of slavery and its racism. McGehee’s words are unambiguous: At the South and with our people, of course, slavery is the element of all value, and a destruction of that destroys all that is property. McGehee makes no other argument – none. The Confederacy was truly all about slavery, and slavery was all about white supremacy. Period.
Second, let’s address the Star Banner Editorial Board’s statement that the Johnny Reb statue in Marion County Veterans Memorial Park “is the proper place for the statute to stand.” Do you still believe it’s appropriate for the towering Johnny Reb statue honoring the racist Confederacy, and honoring a local plantation slave owner and white supremacist, to stand amid our Veterans Memorial Park? The Veterans Park appropriately honors those who courageously served the United States in the cause of freedom. Yet with two-storey-tall Johnny Reb, it ambiguously honors those who championed the cause of slavery. Does this really work for you? In 2017?
Bruce Seaman, President
Bridges Project Ocala-Marion County
The Clash of White Privilege and Black History
by BRUCE SEAMAN
This opinion piece was published in the Ocala Star Banner on Sunday, February 19, 2017 with the title, Privileged to Choose Our History.
At the February 7 Marion County Commission meeting, Commissioner Kathy Bryant delivered a stinging rebuke to Robert Viacancich, a white pastor (pictured above left), when he insisted that white people enjoy privilege in our society. Bryant said she never experienced white privilege growing up very poor, and therefore white privilege was a bogus claim.
As is customary for us, white people, when confronted with a narrative that doesn’t match our own experience, like the black experience, we deny the validity of that different narrative while insisting ours is correct and authentic.
One favorite tactic is to deny that race matters by focusing on one aspect to disprove the claim. That’s how we get embarrassing statements about having black friends, hiring black workers, liking black sports figures or entertainers, and even studying black history. We believe this shows how race doesn’t matter to us. It really shows that we don’t understand how race matters to black (and other) people. We do this by denying their narrative, their experience, including their different experience of history.
Commissioner Bryant wouldn’t admit that race matters and bristled at the pastor’s insistence. She chose to focus on her own economic struggle and achievement as revealing the irrelevance of race as a factor and white privilege as contrived.
Black people have risen from grinding poverty to professional and financial success greater than Commissioner Bryant. The difference is that highly successful black people
Upon entering a retail store, are scrutinized by store personnel and security;
White privilege is only recognized when you thoughtfully consider the black person’s experience, not your own. Looking in a mirror doesn’t expand your point of view or your appreciation of the life of another.
Black people who become doctors, lawyers, teachers, first responders, military officers, business scions, scientists, or even County Commissioners are still black people and have to navigate a different, challenging terrain from white people.
Rev. Viacancich was correct. He has the wisdom to realize that one narrative – the white narrative – doesn’t fit all. In fact, many different narratives beg to be heard in our society that don’t fit the majority-defined norm. These narratives come from black people, women, Native peoples, gay people, Muslims, the homeless, veterans, the handicapped, and many more. Our ability to hear these stories, to recognize and reckon with their often painful history, makes us a wiser, more just, more compassionate, more positive, and more forward looking community and society. Our willingness to silence, reject, deny, and marginalize those narratives enables us to remain narrow-minded, self-absorbed, judgmental, dismissive, and, worst of all, indifferent.
Those narratives are often ugly, tragic, and regrettable. History is like that; it isn’t always what we like to hear. Suppression and rejection doesn’t remove it or change it. However, acceptance and recognition can move and change us.
Bridges Project and Liberation Ocala African American Council will return next year to the County Commission with language for a Black History Month proclamation. We hope that our actual local black history will not be rejected as “divisive” as characterized by Commission Chair Carl Zalak. It is history, just as historical as white history. It’s our history as a community, like it or not. Can we finally accept our history, learn from it, and yield the insistence that one narrative – the white majority narrative – defines all?
There is one more white privilege: you get to choose your version of history over others.
Bruce Seaman, President
Bridges Project of Ocala-Marion County
County Commission Issues Black History Month Proclamation: Still No Local History
by BRUCE SEAMAN
The Marion County Commission on Tuesday, February 21 issued a Black History Month Proclamation. It was a slightly upgraded version of the “white-washed history” Proclamation which the Commission had presented to Bridges Project and Liberation Ocala African American Council prior to their February 7 meeting. Both groups found the re-write of the Proclamation unacceptable since it lacked any reference to local black history as both groups had originally proposed.
The Proclamation continued to lack any meaningful reference to black history in Marion County, a noteworthy absence since the Confederate History Month Proclamation of April, 2016 had plenty. This version of the County’s Proclamation did manage to add the word “struggle,” but nothing about the struggles faced; no historical references.
For video of the February 7 Commission meeting, and the texts of the Black History Month Proclamations from Bridges Project/Liberation Ocala and the Commission version, plus the Confederate History Month Proclamation text, click this link <http://marionbridges.com/2017/02/09/black-history-whitewashed-again-in-marion-county/> and scroll to the links in different parts of the post.
We haven’t taken the time to transcribe the text of the Proclamation, but we have the video. Click the video file link below and Commissioner Kathy Bryant will read it to you. Educator Anna DeWeese received the Proclamation on behalf of the Marion County School District which operates the Black History Museum at Howard Academy.
“March” Trilogy For All Of Our Young People!
by BRUCE SEAMAN
The immensely popular, award-winning graphic novels called the “March” trilogy, authored by civil rights pillar Congressman John Lewis, are something we feel that every young person in our community should have an opportunity to read.
Bridges Project aims to encourage the love of reading in young people, and ensure that the story of the civil rights movement is fully understood and appreciated.
Supported by a major donation from the Marion Education Association – MEA, the local teachers’ organization – that will provide each middle and high school here with a set of the “March” trilogy, we ask for your support in purchasing many more for distribution throughout the school system, public libraries, community centers, and other community locations serving youth.
Click the link below to download our simple donation form.
Your donation of $30 payable to
Bridges Project, P.O. Box 5213, Ocala, FL 34478-5213
is not tax deductible, but it will purchase a complete 3 volume set of “March” for distribution in our community. Join MEA and the dozens of enthusiastic supporters who have already gotten us nearly halfway to our goal and send your check today.
Thank you in advance for contributing to building a community in which our children “will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin, but by the content of their character.”
Black History Whitewashed Again in Marion County
by BRUCE SEAMAN
On Tuesday, Bridges Project members confronted the Marion County Commission with their refusal to allow actual Marion County history to be included in a Black History Month Proclamation. The Commission’s response was very familiar.
Bridges Project was the leading organization in the sustained campaign in 2015 for the removal of the Confederate flag from flying proudly in a display hosted by Marion County government. Citizen advocates from Bridges tirelessly and relentlessly attended County Commission meetings in the summer and fall of 2015. They presented case after case of history that made clear how the Confederacy that was being honored in the flying of its flag was in fact a system of racism, oppression, and exploitation of the most ugly and brutal kind. Our voices fell on deaf ears as the flag and the display were simply moved from its frontage on SE 25th Avenue to the rear of the same property near the Marion County Historical Museum. Click here for our view on that Commission decision.
As our previous post on the Proclamation disclosed, we were purposeful in bringing this matter to the County Commission this year. The new Liberation Ocala African American Council was co-sponsor of the proclamation with Bridges Project.
Our proposed text for a Black History Month Proclamation cited specific episodes in Marion County history that are routinely omitted, ignored, or denied, as was on display in the Confederate flag controversy and decision. Our desire was that the County Commission would not only recognize Black History Month, but simply recognize black history in Marion County – the facts, note that this history is neither known nor appreciated, and encourage awareness and study by citizens.
We realized that there may be some language in our proposed text that would be contentious. In emailing the proposed text to staff, we allowed that, “If Commissioners have any issues, we’re open to speaking with them about it.”
The response over a week later from County Commission staff was that our proposed text had been “tweaked a little,” presenting us with a text that was entirely re-written, excluding any actual black history in Marion County.
Both the Bridges/Liberation Ocala proposed text and the County Commission proposed text are provided in the PDF link below the end of this article for "Black History Month Proclamation Texts."
The general response from both Bridges Project and Liberation Ocala was negative. One can understand the objection: If you can’t mention actual black history in a Black History Month proclamation, what good is it?
Needless to say, when challenged by Bridges Project members at the Tuesday, February 7 County Commission meeting, County Commissioners had some baffling responses.
Click here to view our slightly edited video of this portion of the County Commission meeting on YouTube.
Commission Chair Carl Zalak stated his belief that Ms. Julius Edwards’ reading of the Bridges text of the proposed proclamation at the meeting was simply to have it on the record.
He would later complain about the specific phrase, “every day and every month is a celebration of the history of white people,” a phrase that we would have considered deleting if much of the rest of the text remained. However, that objection was never raised to our attention, and the option of editing our text was precluded by the re-write.
He also insisted that “we needed to stop talking about” divisive things (like facts) and talk about unifying things (omit facts?).
Commissioner Kathy Bryant waxed once again about growing up in poverty and never having experienced “white privilege” in response to a critical comment from a pastor who is unaffiliated with either sponsoring organizations. The pastor insisted that white people have and do benefit from white privilege. Perhaps Commissioner Bryant thinks that having Black History Month is “black privilege,” something that white people don’t experience.
Mrs. Gayle, a black citizen, also voiced her support for the Commissioners in opposing divisiveness and insisting that color should not matter, and discussions about race should not be continued.
The opinion ‘not talking about racism solves the problem’ reflects a belief that any contemporary racism is non-existent or not meaningful, and is merely promoted by divisive race-baiters. This basic belief is common and would be repeated often by critics on social media.
Bridges Project and Liberation Ocala African American Council must disagree. Not talking about any problem does not solve the problem (denial), but ensures its continuation.
Of course, if there is no problem recognized – like, racism doesn’t really exist any longer – then admitting actual history should not be an issue. Since the actual history of black people in Marion County – the facts – gets regarded as “divisive,” then black people cannot have their painful history in Marion County recognized.
Remarkably, the divisiveness of the Civil War seems not to be a problem since the County Commission issued a proclamation for Confederate History Month in April, 2016 - you can download the "2016 Confederate History Month Proclamation" at the PDF link below the end of the article.
Black history gets defined by our County Commission as what is acceptable to white people once again, the facts be damned. That’s “whitewashing” history.
As Ms. Julius Edwards concluded, “we must do better.”
Black History Proclamation and Bylaws ready for review
by BRUCE SEAMAN
Okay, I know. Bylaws are hardly exciting, and ours are no different. Still, we need them to provide order and organization for Bridges, as well as to satisfy the expectations of the IRS as we pursue 501 (c) charitable tax status. The Bylaws have been posted here. Click the link below to download a copy to review in advance of the meeting. The Bylaws will be presented to the group on Saturday for review and comments. Once the group has provided its input, the Board will vote on a final version.
Our meeting will be Saturday, February 4 at 10am at OPD’s Community Room, 402 S Pine Ave., Ocala. Rev. Leroy Chandler is our special speaker who has expert knowledge of black history.
We will also review versions of a Black History Month Proclamation. The idea of a Proclamation was advanced and text submitted jointly by Bridges Project and the new Liberation Ocala African American Council. The County Commission office has re-written it and wants to know if their re-write is acceptable. The group can discuss what to do on Saturday.
We had been disturbed by the April, 2016 County Commission Proclamation for Confederate History Month (see here, here and here), and realized that no one was submitting anything for Black History Month. We decided to make sure that a Proclamation was submitted to the County Commission for February, 2017.
If the groups agree to proceed as the County Commission has re-written it, then it would be presented at the Tuesday, February 21 County Commission meeting.
We’ll keep you posted ….
Ignoring Black History Again
by BRUCE SEAMAN
A January 8, 2017 article in the Ocala Star Banner was noteworthy for recounting the history of agriculture in Marion County without a single mention of black people.
Unsurprisingly, it draws as a reference the jingoist 2011 Marion County Historical Commission publication “Marion County’s 150 Year Commemoration of the War Between the States 1861-1865,” an official county document paid for by taxpayers – click here to download and read p 4 “The Home Front.” It begins: Marion countians – both black and white – willingly suffered severe privation while working hard to support the Confederate cause during the War Between the States. And it gets worse.
In response to this article, the following Letter to the Editor from Bridges Project President Bruce Seaman was published in the Star Banner:
No “Breadbasket” without black people
It was stunning to read Sunday’s article about Marion County being the “Breadbasket of the Confederacy” and find not a single mention of black people anywhere.
As you should be aware, Marion County in 1860 had a population that was 60% black, and most of them were slaves working the very fields esteemed so highly in the article. Marion County maintained a majority black population until 1920, so clearly there were black men, women, and families who were contributing to the productivity cited in the article.
This is why black history deserves a month of special attention. It is white history month every month. However, black history gets ignored, as it was in this article, or else denied or dismissed. This is not a matter of “political correctness” as some would pejoratively characterize the inclusion of the black experience; it is a simple matter of fairness, justice, and accuracy.
Marion County’s legacy of race relations is not a pretty one. As the location of at least 27 lynchings, often huge public spectacles, and having embraced desegregation only at the threat of court order in the mid-1970s, it has been more customary to exercise prejudice in Marion County’s history than not.
I know the Star Banner will dedicate itself to promoting black history during February, Black History Month, but I would encourage editors and writers to recognize every month that white history isn’t the only history in Marion County.
You’ve shown the community why we need to have groups like NAACP and Bridges Project addressing concerns about race relations in the community. Letters like this one should not have to be written.
Bruce Seaman, President
Bridges Project of Ocala-Marion County
Summer Updates – Meeting notes and more
by BRUCE SEAMAN
This summer has seen some interesting developments.
A group of local young people formed a Facebook group named Black Lives Matter Ocala and quickly organized a rally on Ocala’s Downtown Square in July which Bridges Project supported - pictured above. Between 300-400 people attended the event which featured a variety of speakers. Before the event, tragedies involving police shootings in Dallas and Baton Rouge had occurred. It set a tone for the event which denied violence of any kind as an answer, expressed grief at the attacks, sympathy for the victim families, and support for law enforcement, and tried to focus the problem on the injustices faced by black people, particularly from law enforcement and the justice system. A great album of pictures from the event has been posted – click here to view.
County Sheriff Chris Blair was suspended from office, and recently withdrew his candidacy to return. Alachua County law enforcement professional Emery Gainey (pictured left) was named by Gov. Scott as Interim Sheriff. Among a host of actions aiming to stabilize the Sheriff’s Office amid significant turmoil, Gainey has reorganized a Citizen’s Advisory Council that had been begun by Blair. It includes several Bridges Project members. Former Chief of the Port Authority of NY-NJ Police Henry DeGeneste was voted as Chair of the Council, and former OPD Chief Morrey Deen was elected Vice Chair.
Historical Commission makes its own history
by BRUCE SEAMAN
Melt-down. Blow-up. Crack-up. Call it what you want, but the Marion County Historical Commission (HC) is making its own history in Marion County. And I don’t mean the faux history of Confederacy apologists for which the HC is already famous.
You’ll recall that the HC was exposed during the Confederate flag controversy last summer as an all-white coffee klatch of nice folks who seemed unaware of anything called “black history.” Unsurprisingly, this group was the enthusiastic proponent of raising the five flags display on County property in the early 1990s, and continued its staunch support last summer.
During the campaign to have the entire flag display removed to a museum, the HC was thrust front and center by the County Commission, charged with making a recommendation. In the spotlight, the never-noticed HC got attention like it had never experienced before.
No longer able to function as a quiet clique, it held a meeting in August that people, lots of people, actually attended, and they had a lot to say about black history. Again, this was a subject which the HC found strange and out of their comfort zone. They appeared rather deaf, raising the old canard about “preserving history and heritage” as if the speakers had not spoken at all. In the end, the HC recommended keeping the display with the Confederate flag flying.
HC Chair Linda Ellwood, a truly dedicated community servant, was at sea in her leadership role during the controversy and resigned once the recommendation was made to the County Commission.
Price Landrum, who retired as a social studies teacher in the Marion County Public Schools only eight years ago, assumed the chairmanship of the HC. Unconfirmed sources suggested that Landrum is a longtime member of the Sons of Confederate Veterans.
In the months since the Confederate flag flap introduced the HC to the community, several activists with ties to the Bridges Project applied and were approved as HC members. Oscar Goolsby became the first black member of the HC. Things had changed.
Except the agenda.
The HC typically meets in a small meeting room in the County Museum tucked in the back of the McPherson Government Complex (pictured). If the whole HC shows up, there would be little extra space. Add a bunch of visitors, and it’s a problem.
On Monday night, new HC member Emmett Coyne, a retired professor of African American studies, noting the presence of visitors that caused attendees to overflow to the lobby area, asked the chair to have HC members introduce themselves.
From the account by Carlos Medina of the Ocala Star Banner in Tuesday’s edition:
Commission Chairman Price Landrum was against the idea of introductions.
“It’s so elementary school to say, ‘Hi, my name is…’ I just hate it,” Landrum said.
When pressed by Coyne that he was serving on a public board and that some in the room were not familiar with him, Landrum relented.
“Fine. My name is Price Landrum. Are you happy now?” Landrum asked.
The other commission members in attendance introduced themselves except for Robert Smith Jr., who also said he hated introducing himself. Smith sat just outside the door of the meeting room, sketching. He is an accomplished cartoonist.
After that early unpleasantness was completed, Coyne would try to give his report from a committee that was proposing an historical marker to memorialize 30 victims of lynching in Marion County between the end of Reconstruction in 1877 and 1950.
Upon learning that the group had met, Smith objected about not being informed, to which Coyne replied that two emails and two phone calls were made to him directly. Challenges were issued about proper public notice to satisfy open meeting (Sunshine Law) requirements, to which either Coyne or new HC member Judy Etzler replied that proper notice had been made through the County office.
Then the location of the meeting – a Dunkin Donuts – was challenged, with Coyne explaining that the Museum meeting room was not made available. The conversation dissolved into confusion as Coyne accused Landrum (or the HC) with creating obstacles to their work on the lynching marker.
Again, Carlos Medina’s account in Tuesday’s Star Banner:
Shortly after, Landrum made a motion to adjourn the meeting.
“I don’t appreciate being yelled at,” he said. “I have better things to do with my life than this.”
The motion died for lack of a second. Landrum left the meeting room and began to ask people to leave. At one point he threatened to call the Marion County Sheriff’s Office.
“Don’t forget to insult us some more on the Marion Bridges Project. Post pictures of ‘Crackers’ and say, ‘This is the Marion County Historical Commission,’ like somebody did,” Landrum said after some of those at the meeting complained about the abrupt ending to the meeting.
The confusion obviously turned to chaos under Landrum’s dictatorial leadership, ending the meeting without approval or support, and threatening HC members and visitors with law enforcement action if they didn’t comply.
For the record, as administrator for the several pages that Bridges Project has had on Facebook, and as admin for its web page, I know of nothing like what Landrum described ever appearing. (The Museum’s web site features a picture from 2012 titled “Cracker Social,” and an author with his architecture book “Classic Cracker,” and a 2012 lecturer on “The Cracker Culture in Florida History,” so I guess it’s okay if some people say it.) There were Facebook pages not associated with Bridges Project which may have had related content. Nonetheless, it would be fair to say that unflattering things have been said about the HC on Bridges Project media sites, but it was earned commentary, as this post and this episode reflects.
While the faces on the HC have changed, there is more change that needs to occur. As Medina reported, Landrum promised to resign the next day. That would seem entirely appropriate and quite helpful.
One would expect that the HC will seek to elect a new chair at its next meeting on June 6 if Landrum resigns. If he doesn’t resign, the HC should demand it, having the Vice Chair or other officer identified and prepared to assume leadership at least temporarily.
‘Change is gonna come,’ but no one said it would come easily.